the successor to the ill-received 5200, the Atari 7800 was meant to
save the company from bankruptcy. It was developed in 1983 by a company
called General Computer Corp (GCC) after Atari won a lawsuit against them
for developing a speed up kit for the arcade version of Missile Command.
(GCC would also develop the arcade game Food Fight for Atari as well
as games for the 2600 and 5200.
The graphics chip GCC developed was
called Maria, and could push almost 100 sprites on the screen without any of
the annoying flicker the 2600 had become known for. Another impressive
feature of the 7800 is it's backward compatibility with the mega popular
2600. This gave it an instant library of games and alleviated one of the
major complaints 5200 owners had. (BTW, the 7800 was the first console to
feature backward compatibility long before Gameboy Advance and PlayStation
2.) The 7800 was also to have a cartridge for saving high scores and a
keyboard attachment. Neither of which was released by Atari, but the high
score cart was released by Curt Vendel in 2003. Curt is also working on
releasing the keyboard attachment.
As for the joystick, the 7800 ProLine fixed many of the problems known
with the 5200 sticks. ProLines were self-centering, had fewer buttons, but
retained the elongated handle. Due to that fact, the ProLine controllers
rank right behind the 5200 sticks as the worst controllers from Atari.
(Atari would later offer a joypad
similar to those from Nintendo and Sega.)
So, Atari was all set to release the 7800 when the bottom fell out of the
video game industry around 1984. Once Jack Tramiel and his family took over,
the 7800 was shelved and placed in a warehouse. "We're a computer company
now!" Tramiel is said to have screamed in a meeting.
Then something truly special happened... Nintendo revived the video game
industry by introducing the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) as a toy.
Tramiel and company felt they should do something with the aging 7800 units
and began selling them and creating some new games for the system. So, in a
way, we have Nintendo to thank for giving us the 7800.
Popular games for the 7800 include Tower Toppler,
The Atari 7800 ProSystem
Atari 7800 Specs:
Processor: 6502C (8-bit @ 1.79 MHz)
Sound: 2 channel
Resolution: 320 x 204
Colors: 256 total (Ninja Golf displays 29
Memory: 4K RAM, 32K ROM
Original 1986 Price: $140
Special Features: First backward compatible system,
Maria chip for unlimited sprites, pause feature, high score
cart, keyboard attachment